14.9.10 Packet Tracer – Implement STP Security Answers

Last Updated on April 13, 2021 by Admin

14.9.10 Packet Tracer – Implement STP Security Answers

Packet Tracer – Implement STP Security (Answers Version)

Answers Note: Red font color or gray highlights indicate text that appears in the instructor copy only.

Objectives

Assign the Central switch as the root bridge.

Secure spanning-tree parameters to prevent STP manipulation attacks.

Background / Scenario

There have been a number of attacks on the network recently. For this reason, the network administrator has assigned you the task of configuring Layer 2 security.

For optimum performance and security, the administrator would like to ensure that the root bridge is the 3560 Central switch. To prevent spanning-tree manipulation attacks, the administrator wants to ensure that the STP parameters are secure.

All switch devices have been preconfigured with the following:

  • Enable password: ciscoenpa55
  • Console password: ciscoconpa55
  • SSH username and password: SSHadmin / ciscosshpa55

Instructions

Part 1:Configure Root Bridge

Step 1:Determine the current root bridge.

From Central, issue the show spanning-tree command to determine the current root bridge, to see the ports in use, and to see their status.

Question:

Which switch is the current root bridge?

Type your answers here.

Current root is SW-1.

Based on the current root bridge, what is the resulting spanning tree? (Draw the spanning-tree topology.)

Draw your topology diagram here.

Step 2:Assign Central as the primary root bridge.

Using the spanning-tree vlan 1 root primary command and assign Central as the root bridge.

Central(config)# spanning-tree vlan 1 root primary

Step 3:Assign SW-1 as a secondary root bridge.

Assign SW-1 as the secondary root bridge using the spanning-tree vlan 1 root secondary command.

SW-1(config)# spanning-tree vlan 1 root secondary

Step 4:Verify the spanning-tree configuration.

Issue the show spanning-tree command to verify that Central is the root bridge.

Central# show spanning-tree

VLAN0001

Spanning tree enabled protocol ieee

Root IDPriority24577

Address00D0.D31C.634C

This bridge is the root

Hello Time2 secMax Age20 secForward Delay15 sec

Questions:

Which switch is the current root bridge?

Type your answers here.

Current root is Central.

Based on the new root-bridge, what is the resulting spanning tree? (Draw the spanning-tree topology.)

Draw your topology diagram here.

Part 2:Protect Against STP Attacks

Secure the STP parameters to prevent STP manipulation attacks.

Step 1:Enable PortFast on all access ports.

PortFast is configured on access ports that connect to a single workstation or server to enable them to become active more quickly. On the connected access ports of the SW-A and SW-B, use the spanning-tree portfast command.

SW-A(config)# interface range f0/1 – 4

SW-A(config-if-range)# spanning-tree portfast

SW-B(config)# interface range f0/1 – 4

SW-B(config-if-range)# spanning-tree portfast

Step 2:Enable BPDU guard on all access ports.

BPDU guard is a feature that can help prevent rogue switches and spoofing on access ports. Enable BPDU guard on SW-A and SW-B access ports.

SW-A(config)# interface range f0/1 – 4

SW-A(config-if-range)# spanning-tree bpduguard enable

SW-B(config)# interface range f0/1 – 4

SW-B(config-if-range)# spanning-tree bpduguard enable

Note: Spanning-tree BPDU guard can be enabled on each individual port using the spanning-tree bpduguard enable command in interface configuration mode or the spanning-tree portfast bpduguard default command in global configuration mode. For grading purposes in this activity, please use the spanning-tree bpduguard enable command.

Step 3:Enable root guard.

Root guard can be enabled on all ports on a switch that are not root ports. It is best deployed on ports that connect to other non-root switches. Use the show spanning-tree command to determine the location of the root port on each switch.

On SW-1, enable root guard on ports F0/23 and F0/24. On SW-2, enable root guard on ports F0/23 and F0/24.

SW-1(config)# interface range f0/23 – 24

SW-1(config-if-range)# spanning-tree guard root

SW-2(config)# interface range f0/23 – 24

SW-2(config-if-range)# spanning-tree guard root

Answer Script

Central

spanning-tree vlan 1 root primary

SW-1

spanning-tree vlan 1 root secondary

interface range f0/23 – 24

spanning-tree guard root

SW-2

interface range f0/23 – 24

spanning-tree guard root

SW-A

interface range f0/1 – 4

spanning-tree portfast

spanning-tree bpduguard enable

SW-B

interface range f0/1 – 4

spanning-tree portfast

spanning-tree bpduguard enable

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